Cardiovascular disease is a disease of the circulatory system, namely the heart (cardio) or blood vessels (vascular). Includes heart attack, angina, stroke and peripheral arterial disease. It is the second leading cause of death among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, accounting for 23% of deaths (3,471) in 2015–2019 (data from NSW, Qld, WA, SA and NT combined).
In 2018–19, an estimated 16% (122,100) of Indigenous Australians aged 2 and over had a cardiovascular condition, based on self-reported data from the 2018–19 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health survey.
The age-standardised rate of hospitalisations from cardiovascular diseases among Indigenous Australians increased by 21% over the decade to 2018–19 (Figure 4.16). Between 2006–07 and 2018–19, the age-standardised proportion of hospitalisations of Indigenous adults involving procedures for coronary heart disease increased from 35% to 66%. These were procedures such as angiography (X-ray imaging of blood vessels) and coronary revascularisation (including, for example, procedures to dilate blood vessel and heart bypass surgery).
The age-standardised death rate from cardiovascular diseases among Indigenous Australians decreased by 18% over the decade 2010 to 2019 (Figure 4.16).
Figure 4.16: Rate of cardiovascular disease hospitalisations (2009–10 to 2018–19) and deaths (2010–2019), by Indigenous status (age-standardised)
For further information, see: