Injury and poisoning
Injury and poisoning is the second leading cause of disease burden and third leading cause of death among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. It accounted for 15% (2,240) of deaths in 2015–2019.
The rate of death due to injury and poisoning among Indigenous Australians was 62 deaths per 100,000 population, with a rate 2.1 times as high for Indigenous males as females (84 compared with 40 per 100,000). After adjusting for differences in the age structure of the Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations, there are large disparities between the two populations in the rates of underlying cause of death per 100,000 from all causes of injury and poisoning except for falls (Figure 4.11).
Figure 4.11: Rate of injury and poisoning deaths, top 5 causes, by Indigenous status, 2015–2019
Among Indigenous Australians, the most common underlying causes of deaths from injury and poisoning in 2015–2019 were suicides (847 deaths; 38% of all injury and poisoning deaths), transport accidents (417 deaths; 19%), accidental poisoning (413 deaths; 18%), assault (174 deaths; 7.8%) and falls (101 deaths; 4.5%). Suicide and transport accidents accounted for a higher proportion of injury and poisoning deaths for Indigenous males, while accidental poisoning, assault and falls accounted for a higher proportion of injury and poisoning deaths for Indigenous females (Figure 4.12).
Figure 4.12: Leading causes of death due to injury and poisoning, as a proportion of total deaths, for Indigenous males and females, 2015–2019
In 2017–19, injury and poisoning was the most common broad cause of hospitalisation for Indigenous Australians (excluding dialysis). Between 2009–10 and 2018–19, the age-standardised hospitalisation rate due to injury and poisoning increased by 34%. The age-standardised death rate due to injury and poisoning among Indigenous Australians increased by 14% between 2010 and 2019 (Figure 4.13).
Figure 4.13: Rate of injury and poisoning hospitalisations (2009–10 to 2018–19) and deaths (2010–2019), by Indigenous status, (age-standardised)
For further information, see: